The Importance of Human Connection
Advanced technology has improved our quality of life and access to information. Throughout the last year, it gave us a way to connect when we had to be physically apart. Virtual meetings and events have turned a whole new way of gathering into reality and will remain an important part of meeting strategies moving forward.
However, it's important to remember our hyperconnected society may also take a toll on our psychological well-being. Humans are wired to be together in shared spaces and we've had to heavily rely on technology to connect for a long period of time. The outcome of the daily non-stop exposure of screens is referred to as "technostress"-stress or illness caused by working with computer technology on a daily basis.
Symptoms of "Technostress"
- Difficulty sleeping
- Sore muscles in neck, back, and shoulders
- Inability to relax
- Increased work errors
- Difficulty concentrating
- Low morale/confidence
- Mental exhaustion
- Negative attitude toward computers
- Feelings of isolation and frustration
- General burnout
- Less time for sustained thinking
- Decreased time and opportunity for creative problem solving
- Work/life imbalance
- Reduced job satisfaction
The Impact of Virtual Meetings
With the overwhelming reliance on virtual solutions to engage with our co-workers, family, friends, doctors, and just about every other area of our lives recently, it's important to acknowledge employees' mental health has been suffering.
There's probably no greater term of the times than "Zoom fatigue". As Julia Sklar explains, Zoom (or any other virtual meeting platform) causes fatigue due to the need to hyperfocus on visual cues from presenters. Humans communicate even when not speaking, but the lack of non-verbal communication and cues during virtual meetings puts a strain on the brain.
On top of the stress of looking for cues where there are none, having to focus on multiple speakers also challenges the brain’s central vision, and causes it to have to decode multiple people at once, resulting in split attention with no one coming through meaningfully.
As a result, video chats become less collaborative and more of a lecture where one or two participants do the talking and the rest listen. They can’t have side conversations with others as they might at an in-person conference.There is also the stress of seeing people but still being absent from them that causes internal dissonance and unsettled feelings. “Our minds are together when our bodies feel we're not. That dissonance, which causes people to have conflicting feelings, is exhausting. You cannot relax into the conversation naturally,” says Gianpiero Petriglieri, an associate professor at Instead. Attendees may also feel pressure to behave a certain way during virtual meetings, making them feel self-conscious, and the physical strain of having to sit in the same position for hours at a time can be demanding.
Virtual Meetings and Information Retention
Turner and Turner hypothesized in their study of face-to-face learners, iTV learners, and virtual learners that virtual learners would have lower exam scores than the other sets and long term knowledge retention would be significantly lower for them. They ended up finding that virtual learners actually scored higher on the initial exam but they did score significantly lower on a surprise exam three weeks later that covered the same material, indicating that virtual learners retained less of the information taught in lessons.
The authors use the frame of Social Presence Theory in analysis of the results which looks at how social cues are transmitted through communications and how desirable personal, social, and psychological traits facilitate building trust. This implies that the interaction between faculty and students play a significant role in the extent to which students gain and retain knowledge. We can apply this to meetings in that face-to-face meetings are going to be more effective and impactful for participants, thereby encouraging retention of the knowledge being shared.
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons recently published recommended best practices for hosting virtual medical education meetings. While retrospective experiences with these types of meetings are limited, audience desire for increased interactivity surfaced as a common theme. Moreover, confirmation bias tends to be greater in the virtual setting, in that while more information is often exchanged, participants spend significantly less time processing the information that does not corroborate their pre-discussed thoughts/findings.
At the end of the day, virtual conferences are not capable of mirroring the format of previous in-person meetings. It is imperative that program committees use intuitive means of developing these virtual conferences and emphasize the interactivity that members and attendees desire.